Banteay Kdei, the Citadel of Chambers
We mentioned the ancient temple Banteay Kdei in our last Angkor Archaeological Park blog post about Srah Srang. Banteay Kdei, also known by two other names – “A Citadel of Chambers” and “The Citadel of Monks’ Cells” – is located only about 300 meters west of Srah Srang and our lovely restaurant, Sala Russey.
Date Finished: Middle of the 12th to the beginning of the 13th century
Under: King Jayavarman VII
Materials: Laterite Stone – Sandstone
Banteay Kdei Architecture
When entering “A Citadel of Chambers” through the east gopura, please take notice of a cruciform embellished with Lokesvara images.
On the western side of Banteay Kdei, around 200 meters from the entrance, you’ll come across a narrow terrace crossing over the moat. This terrace is heavily decorated with stone lions, nagas (balustrades), and garudas.
In some places along the enclosure walls, you’ll find old carvings of foliated scrolls, small figures, and large devatas.
Make sure to keep your eyes peeled for more interesting artwork as you walk through Banteay Kdei to find many representations of Buddha, nagas, garudas, lions, dvarapalas, and devatas.
Does Banteay Kdei feel familiar? This temple is a similar but smaller version of Ta Prohm, also built in the Bayon architectural style.
History of Banteay Kdei
“When they arrived at the eastern district, the king bestowed an estate and a village called Kuti upon the family of the royal chaplain.”
It is possible that King Jayavarman VII transformed or completed already existing monuments in the area, including Banteay Kdei. This is believed because there are two different architectural styles present, relating to the periods of Angkor Wat and Bayon.
The general consensus is that Banteay Kdei was finished in the mid-12th to the early 13th century under the direction of Jayavarman VII.
Several temples can be found nearby Banteay Kdei. You can also find our restaurant within walking distance – less than one kilometer away!
- The rarely visited Kutisvara is located approximately 400 meters northwest
- The majestic Ta Phrom is located approximately 600 meters to the west
- Prasat Kravan is located approximately 600 meters to the west